The Internet of Things (IoT) links smart objects to the internet and allows collection and exchange of data. IoT is the network of physical objects, devices and other items which are embedded with electronics, software, and network connectivity. The objects are sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure with the help of IoT creating more direct integration between the physical world and computer systems resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit. Each thing is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system but can interoperate within the existing internet infrastructure without requiring any interaction.
In 1999, British entrepreneur “Kevin Ashton” first coined the term while working at “Auto-ID Labs.” IoT offers advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. The interconnection of these embedded devices guides in automation applications like a Smart Grid, and expanding to the areas such as smart cities.
“Things,” refers to devices such as heart monitoring implants, electric clams in coastal waters, monitoring or field operation devices that assist firefighters in search and rescue operations. The IoT revolves around increased machine-to-machine communication. It is built on cloud computing and networks of data-gathering sensors. It is going to make everything in our lives “smart.”
IoT Makes a Difference
IoT will make a difference in users business growth. Every business focus is to get the products to the market faster, adapting to regulatory requirements, increasing efficiency, and innovation. The IoT can move your enterprise forward with a highly mobile workforce, evolving customer, and changing supply chain demand.
From building and home automation to wearables, IoT touches every aspect of our lives. Texas Instruments makes developing applications easier with hardware, software, and support to get anything connected within the IoT.
• Wearable- Wearable technology covers a vast array of devices that monitor, record and provides feedback on you or your environment. We can divide wearables as:
o Entertainment, Fitness, Smartwatch, Location, and tracking
• Connected home- Connected home is essentially a home with one or more (or many) devices plugged in a way that allows the homeowner to control, customize and monitor their environment.
• Smart metering- A smart meter is an internet-capable device that measures energy, water or natural gas consumption of a building or home.
• Automation- With wireless connectivity, advanced sensor networks, machine-to-machine communications, traditional industrial automation will become more informed and more efficient than ever before.
Need for IoT-
1. Become more efficient – IoT helps in less time for reports generation and more time for creating new services and products based on the new insights as data flowing seamlessly between devices and used more efficiently.
2. Open up new business opportunities – Connecting devices, data and people gives faster processes and fresh insight, resulting in new business opportunities.
3. Infrastructure Management - Infrastructure Management is done using IOT as it helps in monitoring and tracking if there is any problem in urban or rural Infrastructure such as bridge, railway, etc. to diminish and reduce the risk of dangerous and any failure to repair it.
4. Industrial Applications – Industrial Applications investigate the quality of product to have good marketing.It helps to understand who are interested in which product and how this product can find marketing with which tiny changes.
5. Large Scale Deployments - There are cities which are almost complete smart cities with a wide range of using IoT and covering wireless.
• Complexity - Though experts find IoT simple for development; it should also be easy for all developers.
• Security is vital- IoT should provide security as protecting users’ privacy and manufactures IP; detecting and blocking malicious activity are as important as application development.
• Power is critical - Many IoT applications need to run for years on batteries so it should reduce the overall energy consumption.
• Connecting to the cloud – Variety of wired and wireless connectivity standards are required to enable different application needs. Different applications need a variety of wired and wireless connectivity, and it is required to maintain their standards.
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